**PHYS 225 ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM I**

**3+2 (4 Credits)**This course is designed to help students get familiar with electric charge, conductors and insulators, electric fields, electric field line, flux, flux of an electric field, Electric Flux, Gauss’ Law, A Charged Isolated Conductor, Cylindrical Symmetry, Spherical and Planar Symmetries, Electric Potential and Potential Energy, Potential Due to Charged Particles, Electric Potential Energy of a System of Charges, capacitance, calculating the capacitance, capacitors in parallel and in series.

**PHYS 226 ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM II 3+2 (4 Credits)**

This course is designed to help students get familiar with electric current, current density, ” pumping V charge, work, energy, and emf, calculating the current in a single-loop circuit, what produces a magnetic field?, discovery of the electron, magnetic force on a current-carrying wire, the magnetic dipole moment, calculating the magnetic field due to a current, Biot-Savart Law, ampere’s law, faradays law of induction, lenz’s law.

**PHYS 121- Introduction to Physics I 3+2 (4 Credits)**

This is an introductory course for science majors containing basic principles of physics such as mechanics, electricity, magnetism, heat and light. The main aim of this course is to teach basic terminology of physics in English language to the students who are not native speakers of English. The course also includes a lab session to teach basic physics experiments in foundation level.

**MATH- 103 Introduction to Mathematics I 4+0 (4 Credits)**

This course is an introduction to Numbers, number systems and their properties, induction principle, interval, absolute value, relation, ordered duals, Cartesian multiplication, definition of relation, properties of relation, reverse relation, ordering relations, functions, definition of functions, properties, types, reverse functions, resultants of functions, trigonometric functions, special defined functions, limit, limit of a variable, limit in functions, limits in trigonometric functions, continuity, definition of continuity, continuous from right and left, properties of continuous functions, types of continuity, derivative, definition of derivative, geometrical interpretation of derivative, principles in taking derivative, high ordered derivatives.

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**ELT- 133 Grammar I 4+0 (4 Credits)**

This course aims to promote understanding the relation between language structures and lexical items as well as raising awareness about the attribution of meaning by means of these structures. Within the framework of a context, advanced language structures are analyzed so as to establish relations between form and text type. Synthesizing these structures, students produce advanced level texts employing these structures. The course also emphasizes interactive activities such as group and pair work.

**ELT- 125 Reading I 4+0 (4 Credits)**

This course presents a wide range of reading materials in order to comprehend contrasting viewpoints and to predict and identify main ideas and to decode intersentential clues. It also aims to equip students with intensive and extensive reading habits. Critical thinking skills such as synthesizing information or analyzing a problem as well as reacting on the basis of evaluation are fostered.

**ELT- 137 Listening and Pronunciation I 4+0 (4 Credits)**

This course aims to develop students’ listening and pronunciation skills while gaining confidence in communicating in English. To develop students’ receptive listening skills, it employs listening materials (i.e. academic and natural-setting samples) produced by diverse communities of practice to be analyzed as communication-oriented classroom activities. Starting from basic listening and phonetic skills such as discriminating minimal pairs and formulating phonetic transcriptions of problematic sounds focused in class, the course will focus on elementary and pre-intermediate level listening skills and strategies such as note-taking, predicting, extracting specific and detailed information, guessing meaning from context, and getting the gist through content-based activities.

**ELT- 109 Communication Skills I 3+0 (3 Credits)**

This course provides introductory acknowledgement and practice of basic communication skills and focuses on development of practical skills for basic communication. Throughout the course, students first learn how to make presentations and then they will prepare different kinds of presentations and speeches on different topics.

**ELT- 143 Writing I 3+0 (3 Credits)**

This course introduces students to different types of writings from very beginning (e.g. sentence building, adjective order etc.) to build up paragraphs; build up writing skills emphasizing the organization, coherence, and cohesion and such sub-skills as summarizing, outlining, and paraphrasing at paragraph level. The use of spelling and punctuation conventions as well as non-alphabetic symbol use will be practiced as well.

**PHYS- 112 Fundamentals of Physics II 3+2 (4 Credits)**

This course presents electric charge, conductors and insulators, coulomb’s law, electric fields, electric field line, flux of an electric field, gauss’ law, gauss’ law and coulomb’s law, electric potential energy, electric potential, capacitance, calculating the capacitance, capacitors in parallel and in series, electric current, current density, “pumping” charge, work, energy, and emf, calculating the current in a single-loop circuit.

**MATH- 104 Introduction to Mathematics II 4+0 (4 Credits)**

This course is an introduction to Geometrical application of derivatives: Maximum-minimum problems, exponential uncertainties, graphic drawing, differential equations, indefinite integral: definition of indefinite integral, partial integral, taking integral by simple fraction, integrals of trigonometric functions, integrals of irrational functions. Definite integral: properties of definite integrals, calculation of area and volume, length of spring, unrealistic integral.

**ELT- 134 Grammar II 4+0 (4 Credits)**

This course is a continuation of Grammar I. This course leads students to have a critical perspective into the advanced level structures (e.g. word classes, elements of the sentence, types of sentence, sentence fragments etc.) of different types of texts on a contextual level. Building upon analysis and synthesis, students evaluate the most problematic forms of English grammar with guidance in their function and usage using methods such as error analysis or discourse analysis. Besides presenting a descriptive review of the forms and function of advanced English grammar structure, this course encourages students to develop a critical stance toward the use of these structures in various contexts. The course also emphasizes interactive activities such as group and pair work.

**ELT- 126 Reading II 4+0 (4 Credits)**

This course is designed to reading and study skills needed for college work. This course focuses on vocabulary acquisition, critical reading skills and study skills necessary for college: Topics include identifying main idea and supporting details, determining author’s purpose and tone, distinguishing between fact and opinion, identifying patterns of organization in a paragraph or passage, recognizing the relationships between sentences identifying, using context clues to determine the meanings of words, identifying logical inferences and conclusions, reasoning, and analyzing argument for bias.

**ELT- 140 Listening and Pronunciation II 3+0 (3 Credits)**

This course is a continuation of Listening and Pronunciation I. It aims to develop students’ listening and pronunciation skills while gaining confidence in communicating in English. To develop students’ receptive listening skills, it employs authentic listening materials (i.e. academic and natural-setting samples) produced by diverse communities of practice to be analyzed as communication-oriented classroom activities. Starting from basic listening and phonetic skills such as discriminating minimal pairs and formulating phonetic transcriptions of problematic sounds focused in class, the course will focus on higher level listening skills and strategies such as note-taking, predicting, extracting specific and detailed information, guessing meaning from context, and getting the gist through content-based activities. Students will be provided with the fundamentals of listening and phonetics namely vowels, consonants, stress in words, rhythm and intonation as well as the usage of phonetic alphabet for learning and production purposes. Throughout the course, students will also be exposed to aural authentic listening materials such as interviews, movies, songs, lectures, TV shows and news broadcasts. This course also aims to equip student teachers with a strong sensitivity towards different accents of English language being spoken around the world. Collaborative learning through group and pair work will be encouraged.

**ELT- 110 Communication Skills II 3+0 (3 Credits)**

This course is an introduction to communication skills and focuses on development of practical skills for effective communication. It emphasizes fundamental stages of speech preparation and delivery including adopting and developing audio and visual aids. Throughout the course, students first learn how to make presentations and then they will prepare different kinds of presentations and speeches on different topics. The course also aims to foster students’ oral and written language skills in job-related situations such as interviewing, socializing, telephoning, presenting information, holding meetings as well as CV and application writing.

**ELT- 144 Writing II 3+0 (3 Credits)**

This course is a continuation of Writing I. Students will produce different types of paragraphs (e.g. expository paragraph, descriptive paragraph, narrative paragraph, etc.) that are unified, coherent and organized.

**PHYS- 211 Mechanics 3+2 (4 Credits)**

This course is an introduction to Units and Dimensions, vectors, The Scalar Product, The vector Product, Cross Product, coordinate system, kinematics, motion in one dimension, motion in two dimension, dynamic, energy of a system, center of mass, momentum of system of particles, angular momentum of system of particle, kinetic energy of a system of particle, conservation of energy of a system of particle, collision, rigid body, angular momentum of rigid body, momentum of inertia.

**PHYS- 213 Materials Science 3+0 (3 Credits)**

This course is designed to help students get familiar with Structure of Metals: Explains the basic structure of metals and how those structures are affected by various processes. The module contains information on the various imperfections and defects that the metal may sustain and how they affect the metal. Properties of Metals: Contains information on the properties considered when selecting material for a nuclear facility. Each of the properties contains a discussion on how the property is affected and the metal’s application.

**MATH- 101 Calculus I 4+0 (4 Credits)**

This course introduces students to preliminary topics which are studied in high school, functions and properties and its graphs, some special functions especially trigonometric functions and their graphs, basic limit applications and differentiations.

**IT- 103 Introduction to IT 1+2 (2 Credits)**

This course is designed to make the student familiar with Computer literature. Information Technology Concepts are introduced with an emphasis on software and hardware utilization. Students will be exposed to a board range of computer Technology and IT topics including; Understanding Computer, Hardware, software, Computer and communication, Multimedia, digital photo editing, video editing.

**ELT- 103 Advanced English 3+0 (3 Credits)**

This course emphasizes skills in writing sentences, paragraphs, and short essays. By the end of the course, students are able to write effective application letters and short critical essays about literary selections.

**ELT- 247 Academic Writing 3+0 (3 Credits)**

This course is designed to help students get familiar with different types of writing. It focuses on the recognition of different kinds of paragraphs and introductory information about essay writing. Then students are asked to produce different types of paragraphs (descriptive, narrative, definition etc.) and essay in an academic way.

**DBT- 101 Academic Debate and Critical Thinking I 2+0 (2 Credits)**

This course is designed to develop students’ abilities and skills in academic communication and debate. The topics of this course train the students on using sources for academic communication, putting knowledge into good use, and raising academic questions and answering questions in an academic way. The course also aims to teach students how to accept and respect differing opinions, and how to conduct academic arguments. In this course, students are directed to raise questions and analyze academic texts logically and critically, i.e. they are guided to conduct a critical analysis of what they read, and are provided with the opportunity to practice and develop their skills by writing their reflections on the material studied and on their own learning. Moreover, the students will be assisted in this course with considering the problems of their country, and making suggestions to solve problems relying on academic mechanism and methodology.

**KUR- 105 Kurdology I 2+0 (2 Credits)**

General introduction, The Kurds and their country Kurdistan, History, Kurdish society, Language, Folklore and literature. The Main aim of the course is familiarizing the students with geography of Kurdistan and Kurdish history.

**PHYS – 212 Electricity and Magnetism 3+2 (4 Credits)**

This course is designed to help students get familiar with electric charge, conductors and insulators, electric fields, electric field line, flux, flux of an electric field, electric potential energy, electric potential, capacitance, calculating the capacitance, capacitors in parallel and in series, electric current, current density,” pumping” charge, work, energy, and emf, calculating the current in a single-loop circuit. what produces a magnetic field?, discovery of the electron, magnetic force on a current-carrying wire, the magnetic dipole moment, calculating the magnetic field due to a current, ampere’s law, faraday’s law of induction, lenz’s law, RL circuit, the series RLC circuit, gauss’ law for magnetic fields, Maxwell’s equation magnetism and electron, magnetic material.

**MATH- 102 Calculus II 4+0 (4 Credits)**

This course introduces students to applications of derivatives, extreme values of functions, the mean value theorem, monotonic functions and the first derivative test, concavity and curve sketching, applied optimization, newton’s method, antiderivatives, Integration, are and estimating with finite sums, sigma notation and limits of finite sums, the definite integral, the fundamental theorem of calculus, indefinite integrals and the substitution method, area between curves. Applications of definite integrals, volumes using cross sections, volumes using cylindrical shells, arc length, areas of surfaces of revolution, work and fluid forces, moments and centers of mass.

**EDU- 201 Introduction to Education 3+0 (3 Credits)**

This course explores education from early childhood through high school graduation. This course will introduce the philosophical foundations, learning environments, social contexts, curriculum and instruction, standards and assessment, as well as contemporary issues related to the field. The roles, responsibilities and daily life of teachers, schools and students will be examined.

**ELT- 104 Technical English 3+0 (3 Credits)**

This course, which is designed specifically for students in technical programs, teaches the basic communication skills of listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking. The emphasis is on grammar, usage, punctuation, and mechanics, as well as on the total writing process, so that the students learn to write effective sentences, paragraphs, memos, letters, resumes, abstracts, and reports. This course does not satisfy the general education component of a degree.

**DBT- 102 Academic Debate and Critical Thinking II 2+0 (2 Credits)**

This course is designed to develop students’ abilities and skills in academic communication and debate. The topics of this course train the students on using sources for academic communication, putting knowledge into good use, and raising academic questions and answering questions in an academic way. The course also aims to teach students how to accept and respect differing opinions, and how to conduct academic arguments. In this course, students are directed to raise questions and analyze academic texts logically and critically, i.e. they are guided to conduct a critical analysis of what they read, and are provided with the opportunity to practice and develop their skills by writing their reflections on the material studied and on their own learning. Moreover, the students will be assisted in this course with considering the problems of their country, and making suggestions to solve problems relying on academic mechanism and methodology.

**KUR- 106 Kurdology II 2+0 (2 Credits)**

This course is a continuation of Kurdology I. A further study of history of Kurdistan and Kurds as well as major events and figures in after-Islam period.

**PHYS- 301 Wave and Optics 3+2 (4 Credits)**

This course introduces students to structure of light, Velocity and resources, Reflections and mirrors, Refraction and lenses. Wave’s optics: interference, Thin films, diffraction, Solubility, Polarization. Optical instruments: ((Magnifying glass, Glasses, Microscope, Overhead projector, Binoculars, Telescope, Camera, Prism spectrometer)). Wave motion: Kinematics, dynamics, Reflection, Refraction and Interference, Sound waves, stile waves, Resonance, Sound intensity, Doppler Effect, Light rays, Waves and wavelets, Oscillatory Motion, Wave Motion, Sound Waves, Superposition and Standing Waves, The Nature of Light and the Principles of Ray Optics, Image Formation, Refractive Index, Optical systems, Prism, Image brightness, Nonlinear optical systems, Partially coherent light.

**PHYS- 319 Electronics 3+2 (4 Credits)**

This course will address the following topics: Charge, electric fields in continuous and non-continuous charge distributions, Gauss’s law, Static charges’ electric potential energy, electric potential in continuous and non-continuous charge distributions, potential difference, dielectrics, energy and combinations of capacitors, Semiconductors, Superposition, Open-Circuit Voltage Gain, Voltage Gain, Current Gain, Power Gain, DC Input Power, Conservation of Power, Efficiency, Current Amplifier Model ., Trans conductance Amplifier Model, Trans resistance Amplifier Model, Ideal Voltage Amplifier, Ideal Current Amplifier, Ideal Trans conductance Amplifier, Ideal Trans resistance Amplifier, Electrical impedance, diodes(pn junctions; Ideal diodes; diodes with a turn-on voltage; circuits with ideal diodes; rectifiers; limiters; regulators), op amps, Rectification, Amplification, coupling Amplifiers, Oscillation, Transistors( MOSFETS in amplifiers and in digital logic circuits), Bipolar junction transistor.

**EDU- 321 Methods and Strategies of Teaching 3+0 (3 Credits)**

This course presents the basic instructional principles and methods in education. It focuses on the principles of learning and teaching, the significance and necessity of being planned and organized in learning. To this end, this course will cover the basic principles of course design (e.g. yearly plans, lesson plans, and etc) as well as basic methods and techniques in learning and teaching. In this course students will discover the ways to apply their relevant theoretical knowledge while learning how to utilize their teaching materials effectively. Students will also become conscious of teacher responsibilities and develop strategies to enhance quality in education.

**PHYS- 275 General Chemistry 3+0 (3 Credits)**

The general chemistry course is an introductory course about general concepts of modern chemistry to fulfill the chemistry requirements for physics education students and to lay the foundation for further course work in physics. Topics include atomic theory, periodic properties, stoichiometry, nomenclature, bonding, physical properties of states of matter, solutions, kinetics, equilibrium, acid-base reactions, metathesis reactions, redox reactions, thermodynamics, electrochemistry, and chemical properties of selected classes of compounds.

**PHYS- 375 Teaching Methods in Physics 3+0 (3 Credits)**

This course is designed to help students get familiar with Conventional teaching, Problem-based learning (PBL), Peer-instruction (PI), Experimental-based learning (EBL), aspects to increase motivation, project based learning, geocaching, moodle and interactive tools, Why Teach Physics?, Teaching Physics Through Problem Solving, Reinforcing Student Use of a Problem-solving Framework, Why Cooperative Problem Solving (CPS).

**MATH- 424 Differential Equation 3+0 (3 Credits)**

This course is designed to help students get familiar with First-order differential equations, second-order linear equations, Wronskian, change of parameters, homogeneous and non-homogeneous equations, series solutions, Laplace transform, systems of first-order linear equations, boundary value problems, Fourier series.

**PHYS- 302 Modern Physics 3+2 (4 Credits)**

This course is designed to help students get familiar with structure of atom, atom models, energy levels, atomic and molecular spectrums, Relativity, Relativity in time, length, and mass, Photons, quanta conception, radiation of black particle, photoelectric, and Compton Effect. Wave-particle duality, De Broglie waves, uncertainty principle, Schrödinger waves, Particle Physics and Cosmology.

**PHYS- 306 Advanced Mechanics 3+0 (3 Credits)**

This course introduces students to Newtonian mechanics, Lagrangian mechanics and Hamiltonian mechanics.

Newtonian mechanics: Reference frames, Alternative coordinate systems, Mechanics of a single body, Mechanics of a system of bodies, Kepler’s problem.

Lagrangian mechanics (Introduction): From Newton to Lagrange, Calculus of variations, Hamilton’s principle of least action, Applications of Lagrangian mechanics, Generalized momenta and conservation statements, Charged particle in an electromagnetic ﬁeld, Motion in a rotating reference frame.

Hamiltonian mechanics: From Lagrange to Hamilton, Applications of Hamiltonian mechanics, Liouville’s theorem, Canonical transformation, Hamilton-Jacobi equation.

**EDU- 202 Educational Psychology 3+0 (3 Credits)**

This course is a continuation of “Second Foreign Language I”. It aims at providing communicative tasks for student teachers to communicate in the target language. Student teachers will be exposed to commonly occurring grammatical patterns and vocabulary items in written texts such as newspapers, magazines and short stories. Simple writing tasks will also be integrated into the course. Both listening and speaking are important components of this course and more vocabulary items will be presented through longer dialogues and reading texts. More insights into the target culture and life style will be given through the use of authentic materials.

**EDU- 403 Testing and Evaluation 3+0 (3 Credits)**

This course covers types of tests; test preparation techniques for the purpose of measuring various English language skills; the practice of preparing various types of questions; evaluation and analysis techniques; statistical calculations.

**MATH- 318 Probability and Statistics 3+0 (3 Credits)**

This course introduces students to basic concepts, frequency distributions, histogram and frequency polygon, graphic demonstration of categorical data and applications. Parametric and nonparametric measures of central tendency and applications. Parametric and nonparametric measures of dispersion and its applications. Skewness and kurtosis. Basic concepts of probability theory, addition and multiplication rule, Bayes theorem, probability distribution table, the expected values and practices. Basic concepts of discrete probability distributions, Binomial, Poisson and hyper-geometric distribution, and applied studies.

**PHYS- 314 Application of Computer Programming in Physics 1+2 (2 Credits)**

The course provides hands on training in computational techniques for physics students. It uses a computational software package (e.g., MATLAB or MAPLE). Data processing, regression analysis, and simple programming skills will be used to simulate and model conventional physics systems. Visualization techniques will be used to display and interpret data that would have otherwise been too complex for manual analyses.

**PHYS- 405 Nuclear Physics 3+2 (4 Credits)**

This course introduces students to some Properties of Nuclei, Nuclear Binding Energy, Nuclear Models, Radioactivity, The Decay Processes, Natural Radioactivity, Nuclear Reactions, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Interactions Involving Neutrons, Nuclear Fission, Nuclear decay, Radiation Damage, Uses of Radiation, Production of “heavy” elements, Alpha ,Beta and Gama Decay , nucleons and strong interactions, , The nuclear radius, mass and abundance of nuclides, nuclear angular momentum and parity, nuclear electromagnetic moments, nuclear excited states, The Deuteron, nucleon- nucleon scattering, Proton-Proton and nucleon- nucleon interaction, Properties of the Nuclear force, The exchange force model, nuclear models, quantum theory of radioactive decay, Production and decay of radioactivity, Types of decay, natural radioactivity, units for measuring radiation, detecting nuclear radiation, nuclear reactions.

**PHYS- 407 Thermodynamics 3+0 (3 Credits)**

This course introduces students to thermodynamics: Heat and temperature, heat specifications of particles (specific heat, conductivity, expansion, thermodynamics principles, reversible and irreversible reactions, efficiency and entropy, Thermodynamic states, thermodynamic equilibrium, Work and energy, Total internal energy, The first law of thermodynamics, Isothermal and adiabatic processes, The second law of thermodynamics, Entropy , Enthalpy and the heat of reaction, thermodynamic potentials.

**EDU- 302 Classroom Management 3+0 (3 Credits)**

This course introduces students to the basic subjects of this course are social and psychological factors that influence student behavior, basic characteristics and functions of classroom context, designing the physical environment, starting a new school year, developing and teaching rules and routines for classroom management, gaining student cooperation, protecting and restoring order, creating a positive learning environment, managing seatwork, group work, recitations and discussions, productive and effective use of time in class, motivation and communication, problem behaviors and ways of dealing with them.

**EDU- 407 Practice Teaching 3+0 (3 Credits)**

This course introduces students to Consolidating the skills necessary for teaching English as a foreign language at primary and secondary schools through observation and teaching practice in pre-determined secondary schools under staff supervision; critically analyzing the previously acquired teaching related knowledge and skills through further reading, research and in class activities in order to develop a professional view of the ELT field.

**PHYS- 406 Quantum Physics 3+0 (3 Credits)**

This course introduces students to principles of quantum mechanics, quantum statistics , transitions between states, The Wave Function, Analysis Model: Quantum Particle under Boundary Conditions, Schrödinger’s wave mechanics(the Schrödinger Equation), A Particle in a Well of Finite Height, Tunneling Through a Potential Energy Barrier, Applications of Tunneling, The Simple Harmonic Oscillator, Einstein and photoelectric effect, Bohr’s Theory of the atom, Scattering of X-ray , Broglie’s wave hypothesis , Electron spin and antiparticles, Identical particles and multielectron atoms, Time-dependent Schrödinger equation, Tunneling, Heisenberg uncertainty principle.

**PHYS- 408 Solid State Physics 3+2 (4 Credits)**

This course covers crystal structure, electron gas, band theory, electronic conductivity, semiconductors, superconductivity, magnetic properties of matter, Wave diffraction and the reciprocal lattice, Crystal binding and elastic constant, Phonon(crystal vibration), Phonon(thermal properties), Energy band, semiconductor crystals, Fermi surface and metal, superconductivity.

**EDU- 402 School Experience 5+0 (5 Credits)**

This course aims to prepare student teachers for full teaching practice. It gives them a structured introduction to teaching, helps them acquire teaching competencies and develop teaching skills. Student teachers have observation and application tasks that they carry out in a primary or secondary school under the supervision of a cooperating teacher. Some observation tasks include: practicing questioning skills, explaining; effective use of textbooks; topic sequencing and lesson planning; classroom management; preparing and using worksheets; effective use of textbooks; effective questioning skills; explaining.

**PHYS- 411 Research Methods 3+0 (3 Credits)**

This course aims to introduce students to the most essential research methods and the most indispensable properties characteristic of academic or scholarly writing. Understanding this enables them to engage in good academic writing. Embarking on any piece of academic writing requires knowledge of appropriate and relevant research methods. Such knowledge not only makes it possible for writers to access and compile relevant data, but also easy for readers to identify the writers’ intake and distinguish it from the authors they refer to. Moreover, following appropriate research methods not only preserves other authors’ intellectual property, but also makes it possible for writers to think, analyse and write differently. This course introduces students to the research methods necessary to produce a piece of academic or scholarly writing. They will be able to apply the appropriate research methods learned in their academic life to produce good academic writing or deploy them to produce other kinds of writing should they pursue a career outside academia.

**PHYS- 412 Research Project 3+0 (3 Credits)**

A study under the supervision of an advisor: Research on exploring and defining a potential study area suitable for a senior design project. Identification of a specific problem from the selected study area in Physics Education. Results from this study are documented and presented in the form of a project proposal.

**PHYS- 470 Astronomy 3+0 (3 Credits)**

This course introduces astronomy from the early ideas of the cosmos to modern observational techniques. Topics include the history and physics of astronomy and an introduction to the solar system, including the planets, comets, and meteors. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate a general understanding of the solar system. The origin and evolution of the solar system are also studied. When the subject is completed, students should be able to demonstrate a working knowledge of astronomy.

**EDU- 304 Material Adaptation and Development 3+0 (3 Credits)**

This course introduces students to the objectives, methods, and findings of research investigating how materials are developed, evaluated and used in foreign/second language teaching. It will help students to better understand the theoretical assumptions behind materials, the roles of materials in language teaching and the methods of materials development and evaluation. The course will include topics such as needs analysis, features of well-designed materials, materials evaluation, materials adaptation and the development of original materials. Students will be asked to read recommended books and research articles, evaluate sample materials, adapt materials for classroom use and present their work the class after each assignment. Practical assignments will provide opportunities for application of the concepts and practices by requiring students to analyze language teaching materials currently in use.

**EDU- 404 Fundamental of Guidance and Counseling 3+0 (3 Credits)**

This course will address the following school counseling topics: perspectives and practices for school counseling in the 21st century, multicultural and diversity issues impacting school counseling, and an overview of counseling theory as applied to the child and adolescent in a school setting. Adlerian, Cognitive Behavioral, Reality/Choice, Person-Centered, and Solution-Focused theories will be addressed in the course. Initial introduction to counseling skill development will be based on, solution-focused, and cognitive behavioral approaches. Students will develop an understanding of individual counseling skills through active class participation and role-play. Included in the course will be an interview with a local practicing school counselor and discussions on the realities of school counseling.